Starship Troopers, by R.A. Heinlein.

strshptrpr1997I enjoyed this book, it reminded me of why I read sci-fi novels so eagerly as a kid. It’s got it all, neat science and tech, an alien species with whom humanity finds itself locked in a bitter struggle, an outcome that is far from certain and a vision of our future meant to provoke thought. Heinlein’s Starship Troopers, according to the wikipedia page, was, after all, written “in an attempt to “clarify his…political views” while under attack for his ideas and activism in defence of nuclear weapons testing by the USA during the 1950’s. Despite being so much more than science fiction, Starship Troopers went on to win the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1960 and continues to be a money maker.


If the outcome of the story is known to you before you read the book, then it’s probably because you’ve seen Paul Verhoeven’s movie version, or the animated sequels. Or you’ve played the games (board and computer), or maybe read the comics. I’ve only actually seen the movie, and quite enjoyed it. Verhoeven’s adaptation of Heinlein’s political vision intentionally invokes the aesthetic of Nazi Germany in giving form to Heinlein’s ideas about the ideal state and democracy. Others argue that Heinlein is a militarist. And some think it to be a morality play about responsibility.

Instead of giving my version of Heinlein’s argument (I’ll let him speak for himself), I will say that I was pleasantly surprised with the settings. The narrator, Juan “Johnny” Rico, spends a great amount of the novel in training as he is indoctrinated into life as a Mobile Infantryman. As a history nerd living in Alberta I recognized Camp Arthur Currie.  Set in what would be Alberta, Camp Arthur Currie is where Johnny goes through basic Mobile Infantry training.


Canadian Mechanized Infantry training at Wainright, Alberta.

The region in real life is coincidentally home to Canadian Forces Base Wainwright, the main training base and home of the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. Living near there it was easy to visualize parts of the story.

Heinlein names the camp in Starship Troopers after the Canadian General Sir Arthur William Currie.  General Currie was a real estate agent from Victoria who also served as an officer in the militia, as was customary for ‘men of worth’ in Canadian civil society in at the time. He led the Canadian Corps during World War I, and was arguably one of the most effective General Officers commanding troops amongst British and Commonwealth forces during that conflict.

At any rate, I was unaware Heinlein was such a fan of Canadian history. Despite this Johnny Rico is not identified as a “Canadian” soldier, Curiously, an ethnicity is pointedly revealed for Johnny on the last page of the book, I’m not sure what the significance is for the author but I guess there is one. Nationality is only spoken of in retrospect. The earth of Starship Troopers, and Heinlein’s aspiration for humanity, takes shape as a “one world government” type affair.  Much like Brave New World, or Nineteen Eighty Four; only Heinlein isn’t warning us of anything, he’s proposing something.  What’s more, he was an activist in defence of his ideas.  This is no dystopian future for the author.

Verhoeven’s interpretation of Heinlein’s vision is dubious. Fascism, when you really look at it, achieves state power only when there is a revolution that needs to be crushed. Even Germany is more appropriately described as a Military Dictatorship than a Fascist state after the SA were neutered in 1934. Up to the beginning of 1933, when the Nazi’s won the election, this wing of the party which had formed its armed force and main agent of violence and intimidation.

Berlin, Verhaftung von Kommunisten durch SA

Berlin, 06. March 1933: SA arrests communists on the day after the Reichstag Elections.

The SA cleared the way for Nazi power but quickly outlived its usefulness. During the Night of the Long Knives it was violently purged, and its leadership killed In order to appease the German military, the only remaining impediment to power for Hitler.

There is little evidence of the working class or revolution, and private property in corporations and personal wealth are established as fundamental to the world economy in Starship Troopers. Aside from the metaphorical in the war with “the Bugs,” Heinlein’s portrayal lacks any trace of class conflict, its society is ultimately far too stable to be believably “Fascist.” There is, however, a distinct emphasis on the military (particularly the war tested variety). Its traditions and techniques, and the culture of its service inform the model for Heinlein’s vision. I think calling it Fascistic misses the point, and overstates something for dramatic effect.

At the end of the day the book poses interesting questions which are still relevant despite the end of the Cold War almost 30 years ago.  It offers visions of alternate post World War geopolitical formations and political alliances that may actually have more in common with the potential realities in 2017 than those of 1960.  The main political theme, if you will, is the authors love affair with the military, and a veneration of service which reflects nostalgic heroism for veterans of the world wars, and  society mobilized for war. In many ways Heinlein is venerating an image whose distorted and awkward reflection we see and hear in the media, and from politicians, for the veterans of today’s wars.

As a history and military nerd I was thrilled by the story.  As a sci- fi fan I loved it. With the victory of Donald Trump in the American election the questions it poses about Democracy are regaining a vitality that makes Starship Troopers slightly less “imaginative,” perhaps, than when it was written.  As far as it goes, Heinlein isn’t offering a critical economic analysis of state formations, their historical development, and future prospects. Rather, he limits himself to more technical questions, but the implications are definitely there.  That’s perhaps one of the things that makes this book, ultimately, a great piece of Sci- Fi.


About Kevin D. Bell

Painter, writer, amateur historian.
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3 Responses to Starship Troopers, by R.A. Heinlein.

  1. mikulpepper says:

    Thoughtful review, Kevin.

  2. koffer2015 says:

    I did not read the book but I was seduced by the movie. I found your drawing a distinction between a Military Dictatorship and a Fascist state here, interesting. I read a few of Heinleins other novels when younger but got tired of him. A bit of a patriarch – you grok, Kevin? I enjoyed this review.

    • I’ve never read any other Heinlein, don’t think I will either. I came to the book from the movie, which I thought was done so well.(“The goddamn bugs whacked us Johnny”… “I’m from Buenos Aries and I say KILL EM ALL!” ) The filmmakers took Heinlein to his logical conclusion, and are making satire where Heinlein is dead serious. I’m not sure if its a fair comparison, but learning about Heinlein’s political views leaves me feeling that reading him would be as fruitful as reading L. Ron Hubbard. Probably unfair, but meh, I have no urge to enter Heinlein’s world.

      I had to look up “grok,” I do grok what you’re saying about Heinlein. His interest is preserving a very patriarchal society (with nukes if necessary!) The observation re: Germany comes from a Marxist analysis of Nazi Germany I read a while back (Germany: From Revolution to Counter Revolution by Rob Sewell). The term “fascist” gets thrown around so flippantly that the actual nature of fascism gets lost. Hitler didn’t need fascism to conduct his military campaigns or commit genocide, but his backers did need it to stomp the left into the ground after Germany entered a revolutionary period at the end of WWI. Hitlers fascist army, the SA, became an impediment to his expansionist agenda precisely because they had political ideas and power aspirations of their own. Different jobs often call for different tools.

      Thanks Klaus! I’m glad you enjoyed it.

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